France led several other European countries in an effort to prevent the invasion. May 1995: Jacques Chirac, President of the Republic On 4 November 1994, Jacques Chirac announced his candidacy for the presidential election. [44] In 1997 the aircraft carrier Clemenceau was decommissioned after 37 years of service, with her sister ship Foch decommissioned in 2000 after 37 years of service, leaving the French Navy with no aircraft carrier until 2001, when Charles de Gaulle was commissioned. [96] Chirac said that "The Republic is not a dictatorship of rumours, a dictatorship of calumny. The 182-page typewritten work, supervised by Professor Jean Chardonnet, is illustrated by photographs, sketches and diagrams. Select from premium Jacques Chirac; of the highest quality. This surprising victory in the context of a Gaullist ebb permitted him to enter the government as Minister of Social Affairs. Toghadh Chirac ina uachtarán in 1995 agus rialtas den eite dheis i gcumhacht. [9], From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. It was officially reported as a "minor stroke"[62] or a mild stroke (also known as a transient ischemic attack). [17] In 1950, he signed the Soviet-inspired Stockholm Appeal for the abolition of nuclear weapons – which led him to be questioned when he applied for his first visa to the United States. J'avais trimballé ma caméra à Paris le jour de la passation de pouvoir entre François Mitterrand et Jacques Chirac, le 17 mai 1995. [70], In Volume 2 of his memoirs published in June 2011, Chirac mocked his successor Nicolas Sarkozy as "irritable, rash, impetuous, disloyal, ungrateful, and un-French". He had been suffering from memory loss and was in ill health. Secretary of State for Economy and Finance: 1968–71. They advocated a clash with Giscard d'Estaing because they thought his policy bewildered the conservative electorate. In 1978, Chirac attacked the pro-European policy of Valéry Giscard d'Estaing (VGE), and made a nationalist turn with the December 1978 Call of Cochin, initiated by his counsellors Marie-France Garaud and Pierre Juillet, which had first been called by Pompidou. Reelected in 1970, 1976, 1982. Chirac told the Socialist candidate that he wanted to "get rid of Giscard". Following the public ceremony, Chirac was buried at the Montparnasse Cemetery with only his closest family in attendance. Although it has been often interpreted by historians as the struggle between two rival French right-wing families (the Bonapartists, represented by Chirac, and the Orleanists, represented by VGE), both figures in fact were members of the liberal, Orleanist tradition, according to historian Alain-Gérard Slama. [87], Chirac's immunity from prosecution ended in May 2007, when he left office as president. After his baccalauréat, he served for three months as a sailor on a coal-transport. During an official visit to Madagascar on 21 July 2005, Chirac described the repression of the 1947 Malagasy uprising, which left between 80,000 and 90,000 dead, as "unacceptable". Jacques Chirac, Président de la République, 1995 – 2002 Gouvernement d’Alain Juppé I, Premier ministre, 17 mai 1995 – 07 novembre 1995. [93], On 15 December 2011, Chirac was found guilty and given a suspended sentence of two years. [citation needed], When the RPR/UDF right-wing coalition won a slight majority in the National Assembly in the 1986 election, Mitterrand (PS) appointed Chirac prime minister (though many in Mitterrand's inner circle lobbied him to choose Jacques Chaban-Delmas instead). On the domestic front, neo-liberal economic austerity measures introduced by Chirac and his conservative prime minister Alain Juppé, including budgetary cutbacks, proved highly unpopular. From 1995 to 2007, the President of … The Prime Minister of France is the person who controls the government of France.He is appointed by the President of France.The current Prime Minister of France is Jean Castex.He was given the job by President Emmanuel Macron on July 3, 2020. Claude is a public relations assistant and personal adviser. He was re-elected in 2002. Par ordre protocolaire . Elected in 1979. [11], According to Chirac, his name "originates from the langue d'oc, that of the troubadours, therefore that of poetry". It supports field projects that involve local people and provide concrete and innovative solutions. After 1981, the relationship between the two men became tense, with Giscard, even though he had been in the same government coalition as Chirac, criticising Chirac's actions openly. [52] In October 2004, Chirac signed a trade agreement with PRC President Hu Jintao where Alstom was given €1 billion in contracts and promises of future investment in China.[53]. Chirac instead suggested the appointment of Edouard Balladur, who had promised that he would not run for the presidency against Chirac in 1995. [citation needed]. During his two presidencies, Jacques Chirac was a vigorous advocate of France's system of state assistance to the film industry. ", "Chirac labels 'racist' Le Pen as threat to nation's soul", "Jacques Chirac, Who Led France Envisioning European Unity, Is Dead at 86", "Sarkozy's team is small in size, wide in scope", "Chirac Affirms France's Guilt in Fate of Jews", Allocution de M. Jacques CHIRAC Président de la République prononcée lors des cérémonies commémorant la grande rafle des 16 et 17 juillet 1942 (Paris), "Allocution de M. Jacques CHIRAC Président de la République prononcée lors des cérémonies commémorant la grande rafle des 16 et 17 juillet 1942 (Paris)", La suite du testament de Jean-Claude Méry, CIA – The World Factbook – Rank Order – Military expenditures – percent of GDP, "Nuclear Weapons – France Nuclear Forces", "France's § 2.8 billion aid package unlikely to bring quick fix : Alstom bailout may be long haul", "People's Daily Online – France's Alstom, China ink $1.3b contracts", Chirac: Nuclear Response to Terrorism Is Possible, "France Criticizes Israel Attack on Lebanon", "France Urged Israel to Invade Syria During War", "Jacques Chirac – explorateur du monde multipolaire", "Street named in honour of Jacques Chirac at Louvre Abu Dhabi ceremony", "Stung by Voters on EU, Chirac Replaces His Prime Minister", "Minor stroke puts Chirac in hospital but he hangs on to reins of government", "Rivals in open warfare after Chirac's stroke raises stakes in succession fight battle", "France's New Five-Year Presidential Term", France's Chirac says he will not run for re-election, "Chirac launches foundation 'to awaken consciences, "Fondation Chirac " The Fondation Chirac Prize for Conflict Prevention", "Chirac found guilty on corruption charges", Chirac trouve un point de chute à Paris chez la famille Hariri, "France election 2012: Chirac mocks Sarkozy in memoirs", "'Impetuous, disloyal, and un-French': Chirac attempts coup de grace on Sarkozy", "Jacques Chirac breaks four-year silence on Nicolas Sarkozy to criticise French president", "Jacques Chirac in hospital with 'acute gout, "Former French President Jacques Chirac Hospitalized", "Former French President Jacques Chirac is hospitalized with lung infection", "Jacques Chirac, French President Who Championed European Identity, Is Dead at 86", "INTERVIEW - Chirac juge "sympathique" sa marionnette des Guignols, actualité Médias 2.0 : Le Point", "Bernard Le Coq dans la peau du retraité Chirac", "Jacques Chirac, cinématographique mais pas trop", "The Chirac Doctrine: France's Iraq-war plan", "1981: Israel bombs Baghdad nuclear reactor", "Out of Area or Out of Reach? Municipal councillor of Sainte-Féréole: 1965–77. Chirac was elected on a platform of tax cuts and job programmes, but his policies did little to ease the labour strikes during his first months in office. At the 2002 French presidential election, he won 82.2% of the vote in the second round against the far-right candidate, Jean-Marie Le Pen. Jacques René Chirac, (* 29. november 1932, Paríž, Francúzsko – † 26. september 2019, tamže) bol francúzsky politik a v rokoch 1995 – 2007 prezident Francúzskej republiky.Zvolený bol v roku 1995 a opätovne v roku 2002.Volebné obdobie mu skončilo v roku 2007.Ako prezident zastával aj ex officio post spoluknieža Andorry a Veľmajstra čestnej légie This unprecedented power-sharing arrangement, known as cohabitation, gave Chirac the lead in domestic affairs. However, his first term was marked by widespread strikes and social unrest. ", Chafer, Tony. Iacobus Chirac, vulgo plene Jacques René Chirac (natus Lutetiae die 29 Novembris 1932; ibidem mortuus die 26 Septembris 2019) fuit praeses Franciae et coprinceps Andorrae a die 18 Maii 1995 usque ad diem 16 Maii 2007. While the Giscardian liberals of the Union for French Democracy (UDF) had moved to the right,[citation needed] the UMP won the parliamentary elections that followed the presidential poll with ease. Jacques Chirac, French politician who served as the country’s president (1995–2007) and prime minister (1974–76, 1986–88) and was a dominant figure in 20th-century French politics. He held this post until 1995.[26]. Par ordre fonctionnel. "[97], In 1956, Chirac married Bernadette Chodron de Courcel, with whom he had two daughters: Laurence (4 March 1958 – 14 April 2016)[98] and Claude (born 6 December 1962). Member of the Constitutional Council of France: Since 2007. [49] The departing plane, an Aérospatiale-BAC Concorde, ran over a strip of metal on takeoff puncturing its left fuel tank and sliced electrical wires near the left landing gear. As the left-wing Socialist Party was in thorough disarray following Jospin's defeat, Chirac reorganised politics on the right, establishing a new party – initially called the Union of the Presidential Majority, then the Union for a Popular Movement (UMP). Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development: 1972–74. [84], The Osirak deal became a controversy again in 2002–2003, when an international military coalition led by the United States invaded Iraq and forcibly removed Hussein's government from power. However, benefiting from positive polls, Balladur decided to be a presidential candidate, with the support of a majority of right-wing politicians. [77], Chirac died at his home in Paris on 26 September 2019, surrounded by his family. Par ordre protocolaire. Pompidou considered Chirac his protégé, and referred to him as "my bulldozer" for his skill at getting things done. [citation needed]. [citation needed]. [8], Chirac died at his home in Paris on 26 September 2019 at the age of 86. ", Elgie, Robert. (In 2000 the constitution had been amended to reduce the length of the presidential term to five years, so his second term was shorter than his first. Jacques René Chirac (French pronunciation: [ʒak ʃiʁak]; born 29 November 1932) is a French politician who served as President of France from 1995 to 2007. / 48.838043; 2.326298. [21] In 1965, he became an auditor in the Court of Auditors. The nickname "Le Bulldozer" caught on in French political circles, where it also referred to his abrasive manner. [4], In 1956, he married Bernadette Chodron de Courcel. During the 1995 presidential campaign, Chirac criticised the "sole thought" (pensée unique) of neoliberalism represented by his challenger on the right and promised to reduce the "social fracture", placing himself more to the centre and thus forcing Balladur to radicalise himself. The RPR was conceived as an electoral machine against President Giscard d'Estaing. On 10 May 2006, following a Cabinet meeting, Chirac made a rare television appearance to try to protect Villepin from the scandal and to debunk allegations that Chirac himself had set up a Japanese bank account containing 300 million francs in 1992 as Mayor of Paris. Because of his alleged improprieties, he was lambasted in a song Chirac en prison ("Chirac in prison") by French punk band Les Wampas, with a video clip made by the Guignols. In 1954, Chirac presented The Development of the Port of New-Orleans, a short geography/economic thesis to the Institut d'Etudes Politiques de Paris (Sciences Po), which he had entered three years before. [36] Reacting to criticism, Chirac said, "You only have to look back at 1935...There were people then who were against France arming itself, and look what happened." [30], On 19 January 2006, Chirac said that France was prepared to launch a nuclear strike against any country that sponsors a terrorist attack against French interests.