Since 2000 a Watteau centre has been established at Valenciennes. [17] His influence on later generations of painters may have been less apparent in France than in England, where J.M.W. and Mezzetin. During his stay at the workshop, he took interest in creating his own style of painting. 1711, Prado Museum, Madrid. In contrast to the Rococo whimsicality and licentiousness cultivated by Boucher and Fragonard in the later part of Louis XV's reign, Watteau's theatrical panache is usually tinged with a note of sympathy, wistfulness, and sadness at the transience of love and other earthly delights. Quant à la chron… Although his mature paintings seem to be so many depictions of frivolous fêtes galantes, they in fact display a sober melancholy, a sense of the ultimate futility of life, that makes him, among 18th century painters, one of the closest to modern sensibilities. C'est un des plus grands représentants du rococo, il a produit près de 700 tableaux.Ses sujets favoris sont les paysages, le romantisme et les fêtes. 1718, private collection, The Love Song, ca. Thus Watteau was able to spend even more time becoming familiar with the works of Rubens and the Venetian masters. Interestingly, while Watteau's paintings seem to epitomize the aristocratic elegance of the Régence (though he actually lived most of his short life under the oppressive climate of Louis XIV's later reign), he never had aristocratic patrons. His buyers were bourgeois such as bankers and dealers. Showing an early interest in painting, Jean-Antoine may have been apprenticed to Jacques-Albert Gérin, a local painter, and his first artistic subjects were charlatans selling quack remedies on the streets of Valenciennes. Jean-Antoine Watteau, plus connu sous le nom d'Antoine Watteau, né à Valenciennes le 10 octobre 1684 et mort à Nogent-sur-Marne le 18 juillet 1721, est un peintre français. Très choyé de son temps par un petit groupe d'admirateurs, auréolé d'une légende romantique par le xixes., Watteau demeure de nos jours presque un inconnu malgré les prix fabuleux atteints par ses toiles ou le moindre de ses dessins. Having little to learn from Gérin, Watteau left for Paris in about 1702. Little known during his lifetime beyond a small circle of his devotees, Watteau "was mentioned but seldom in contemporary art criticism and then usually reprovingly". [10], His drawings attracted the attention of the painter Claude Gillot, and by 1705 he was employed as an assistant to Gillot, whose work, imbued with the spirit of the Renaissance, represented a reaction against the turgid official art of Louis XIV's reign. He lacked aristocratic patrons; his buyers were bourgeois such as bankers and dealers. BIOGRAPHIE DE ANTOINE WATTEAU - Peintre français, Antoine Watteau est né le 1 janvier 1684. Antoine Watteau - Antoine Watteau - Watteau’s Cythera. On se perd dans les détails parfois contradictoires de sa biographie, dans l'histoire complexe de ses relations, parfois orageuses, avec ses amis, ses condisciples, ses maîtres et ses protecteurs, complexité qui reflète l'instabilité de son caractère et de son humeur. The Italian Comedians, ca. [19] The scene is an art gallery where the façade has magically vanished, and the gallery and street in the canvas are fused into one contiguous drama. Antoine Watteau was born on Oct. 10, 1684, in Valenciennes, the son of a prosperous roof tiler. Style de peinture. : In 1712 Watteau tried once more to go to Italy. 1715, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Mezzetino, ca. He was born to the family of Jean-Phillip Watteau in October 1684. Biographie de Jean-Antoine Watteau On sait peu de choses de la vie de Jean-Antoine Watteau - dit Antoine Watteau - l'un des premiers représentants du style rococo. 1684, Valenciennes, d. 1721, Nogent-sur-Marne) in the Web Gallery of Art, a searchable image collection and database of European painting, sculpture and architecture (200-1900) [17] The painting was sold at auction on July 8, 2008, for 15 millions of Euros, set a world record price for the artist. His many imitators, such as Nicolas Lancret and Jean-Baptiste Pater, borrowed his themes but could not capture his spirit. The Watteau dress, a long, sacklike dress with loose pleats hanging from the shoulder at the back, similar to those worn by many of the women in his paintings, is named after him. Afterward he moved to the workshop of Claude Audran III, an interior decorator, under whose influence he began to make drawings admired for their consummate elegance. The French painter Antoine Watteau (1684-1721) was the catalyst of the Regency period of the rococo style. [30], Marriage Contract and Country Dancing, ca. Turner was among his admirers. It is generally agreed that Watteau was the Jean-Antoine Watteau baptised on October 10, 1684 in Valenciennes at the Eglise de Saint-Jacques. Le reste ne s'appuie que sur les témoignages, parfois contradictoires, de ses contemporains, sans qu'il ait été possible de les valider par des documents d'archive. Il réalise beaucoup de commandes pour les communautés religieuses et les notables de la ville. The notable elements that make Watteau's style unique are the combination of his lofty content and brightly colored landscapes. Watteau was born in October 1684 in the town of Valenciennes which had recently passed from the Spanish Netherlands to France. It has been described as Watteau's Las Meninas, in that the theme appears to be the promotion of art. His father, a master tiler, was a violent man and perhaps this had a formative effect on his son. According to the 1911 Britannica, "in his treatment of the landscape background and of the atmospheric surroundings of the figures can be found the germs of Impressionism". It has been compared with Las Meninas as a meditation on art and illusion. Chronologie. Jean-Antoine Watteau Biography October 10, 1684, supposed day of Watteau’s birth, is actually the date he was baptized at the church of St. Jacques in Valenciennes. The Flemish painter would become one of his major influences, together with the Venetian masters that he would later study in the collection of his patron and friend, the banker Pierre Crozat. These romantic and idealized scenes depict elaborately costumed ladies and gentlemen at play in fanciful outdoor settings. Upload Missing Images. 1716–1718, Gemäldegalerie, Berlin, Actors of the Comédie-Française, between 1711–1718, Hermitage Museum, Saint Petersburg, Fêtes Vénitiennes, ca. Jean-Antoine Watteau is credited with extending the bounds of the Rococo era beyond architecture, furniture and sculpture and into painting. Watteau's influence on the arts (not only painting, but the decorative arts, costume, film, poetry, music) was more extensive than that of almost any other 18th-century artist. In 1720, he travelled to London, England to consult Dr Richard Mead, one of the most fashionable physicians of his time and a fan of Watteau's work. In 1720, he travelled to London, England, to consult Dr. Richard Mead, one of the most fashionable physicians of his time and an admirer of Watteau's work. 1717–1720, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, Quellnymphe, ca. He was the son of Jean-Philippe Watteau, master roofer and carpenter, who knew how to read and write, and was officially registered as … In 1984 Watteau societies were created in Paris, by Jean Ferré, and London, by Dr. Selby Whittingham. Watteau was a prolific draftsman. Sir Michael Levey once noted that Watteau "created, unwittingly, the concept of the individualistic artist loyal to himself, and himself alone". Une des principales sources de renseignements sur sa vie est la biographie rédigée par son ami le comte de Caylus. His father was a master tiler of Flemish descent. In 1709 Watteau tried to obtain the Prix de Rome and was rejected by the Academy. Viewed from left to right, she is first seen seated in a wooden chair, playing a guitar. Biography of WATTEAU, Antoine (b. Link To This Page | Watteau left for Paris in 1702. [4] In 1726 and 1728, Jean de Jullienne published suites of etchings after Watteau's drawings, and in 1735 he published a series of engravings after his paintings, The Recueil Jullienne. Watteau was born in October 1684[a] in the town of Valenciennes[1] which had recently passed from the Spanish Netherlands to France. [26] A revived vogue for Watteau began in England during the British Regency, and was later encapsulated by the Goncourt brothers in France (Edmond de Goncourt having published a catalogue raisonné in 1875) and the World of Art union in Russia. Watteau returned to France and spent his last few months on the estate of his patron, Abbé Haranger, where he died in 1721 perhaps from tuberculous laryngitis at the age of 36. A major exhibition in Paris, Washington and Berlin commemorated the 1984 tercentenary of his birth. [10] At the palace, Watteau was able to see the magnificent series of canvases painted by Peter Paul Rubens for Queen Marie de Medici. [31], La Perspective (View through the Trees in the Park of Pierre Crozat), ca. Watteau was born in the Flemish town of Valenciennes, which had just been annexed by the French king Louis XIV. Among his most famous paintings, beside the two versions of the Pilgrimage to Cythera, one in the Louvre, the other in the Schloss Charlottenburg, Berlin, are Pierrot (long identified as "Gilles"), Fêtes venitiennes, Love in the Italian Theater, Love in the French Theater, "Voulez-vous triompher des belles?" [16], Watteau then went to live with the collector Crozat, who eventually on his death in 1740 left around 400 paintings and 19,000 drawings by the masters. Among his most famous paintings, beside the two versions of the Pilgrimage to Cythera (one in the Louvre, the other in the Schloss Charlottenburg, Berlin), are Pierrot (long identified as "Gilles"), Fêtes venitiennes, Love in the Italian Theater, Love in the French Theater, "Voulez-vous triompher des belles?" [22] Sir Michael Levey once noted that Watteau "created, unwittingly, the concept of the individualistic artist loyal to himself, and himself alone". [24] Famously, the Victorian essayist Walter Pater wrote of Watteau: "He was always a seeker after something in the world, that is there in no satisfying measure, or not at all."[25]:414. En 1717 il présenta son morceau de réception, le fameux \"Pèlerinage à lîle de Cythère\" , toile mélancolique et mystérieuse. Watteau was born in the town of Valenciennes in 1684. The action is watched by a small dog in the corner. The subject of his hallmark painting, Pierrot or Gilles, with his slowly fading smile, seems a confused actor who appears to have forgotten his lines; he has materialized into the fearful reality of existence, sporting as his only armor the pathetic clown costume. According to Konody's critical assessment in the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, in part, "in his treatment of the landscape background and of the atmospheric surroundings of the figures can be found the germs of Impressionism". 1718–1719, National Galleries of Scotland, Edinburgh, The Love Lesson, ca. and Mezzetin. In 1703 he was employed as an assistant by the painter Claude Gillot, whose work represented a reaction against the turgid official art of Louis XIV's reign. The French painter Antoine Watteau was the catalyst of the Regency period of the rococo style. The Flemish painter would become one of his major influences, together with the Venetian masters he would later study in the collection of his patron and friend, the banker Pierre Crozat. Cette page fournit une liste de tableaux du peintre français Jean-Antoine Watteau, plus connu sous le nom d’Antoine Watteau (1684-1721). Watteau returned to France, spending six months with Gersaint,[17] and then spent his last few months on the estate of his patron, Abbé Haranger, where he died in 1721, perhaps from tuberculous laryngitis, at the age of 36. [10][15] He took those five years to deliver the required "reception piece", but it was one of his masterpieces: the Pilgrimage to Cythera, also called the Embarkation for Cythera. However London's damp and smoky air offset any benefits of Dr. Mead's wholesome food and medicines. His nephew, Louis Joseph Watteau, son of Antoine's brother Noël Joseph Watteau (1689–1756), and grand nephew, François-Louis-Joseph Watteau, son of Louis, followed Antoine into painting. Watteau determined to leave him, advancing as excuse his desire to return to Valenciennes. Antoine Watteau (Jean-Antoine Watteau; Valenciennes, Francia, 1648 - Nogent-sur-Marne, id., 1721) Pintor francés. [1] Watteau left for Paris in 1702. Vers 1707-1708 il entre chez Claud… Instead, he was sent to apprentice with painter Jacques Albert Gerin. Since he was a novice in the industry, H… For further discussion of Watteau's early years in Paris, see. In Valenciennes he painted a number of the small camp-pieces, notably the Camp-Fire, which was again bought by Sirois, the price this time being raised to 200 livres. 1684-1721 Jean-Antoine Watteau est né à Valenciennes en 1684 dans une famille de maîtres-couvreurs. He revitalized the waning Baroque style, shifting it to the less severe, more naturalistic, less formally classical, Rococo. After a period spent as a scene-painter, and in poor healt… He then repeats this pose from a slightly different angle. Gowing, Lawrence, and Michel Laclotte. Antoine Watteau was born on Oct. 10, 1684, in Valenciennes, the son of a prosperous roof tiler. A catalogue raisonné of Watteau's drawings has been compiled by Pierre Rosenberg and Louis-Antoine Prat, replacing the one by Sir Karl Parker and Jacques Mathey;[27] similar projects on his paintings are undertaken by Alan Wintermute[28] and Martin Eidelberg,[29] respectively. Jean-Antoine Watteauwas born in the Valenciennes region north of France. Watteau alarmed his friends by a carelessness about his future and financial security, as if foreseeing he would not live for long. 1715–1718, Hermitage Museum, Saint Petersburg[32], Pilgrimage to Cythera, ca. The subject of his hallmark painting, Pierrot (Gilles), is an actor in a white satin costume who stands isolated from his four companions, staring ahead with an enigmatic expression on his face. Ceres (Summer), c. 1717–1718, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D. C. "Watteau" redirects here. The painting may be read as Watteau's wry comment on his mortal illness. 1716–1717, Nationalmuseum, Stockholm, Les Plaisirs du Bal, ca. "A Watteau sets record at £12.36 million in an uneven Old Masters sale", "A Weight of Evidence: An Interview with Dr. Martin Eidelberg on the Watteau Abecedario", "Marriage Contract and Country Dance - The Collection - Museo Nacional del Prado", "Subjects, Society, Style: Changing Evaluations of Watteau and His Art", Alphabetical list of accepted paintings and copies at A Watteau Abecedario, Watteau paintings at the Web Gallery of Art, Works by Watteau in the collection of the, http://watteau-abecedario.org/default.htm, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Antoine_Watteau&oldid=993475415, People of the Regency of Philippe d'Orléans, Members of the Académie royale de peinture et de sculpture, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2016, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with KULTURNAV identifiers, Wikipedia articles with RKDartists identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Martin Eidelberg, watteauandhiscircle.org, This page was last edited on 10 December 2020, at 20:21. WATTEAU, ANTOINE (1684-1721), French painter, was born in Valenciennes, of humble Flemish origin. Antoine Watteau, in full Jean-Antoine Watteau, (born Oct. 10, 1684, Valenciennes, France—died July 18, 1721, Nogent-sur-Marne), French painter who typified the … Jean-Antoine Watteau was born in the Flemish town of Valenciennes, which had just been annexed by the French king Louis XIV. Biography. Biographie. BIOGRAPHIE Jean Antoine Watteau, né à Valenciennes le 10 octobre 1684 et mort à Nogent-sur-Marne le 18 juillet 1721, est un peintre français. 1717, Dulwich Picture Gallery, London, La Surprise, ca. François Watteau est le fils de Louis Joseph Watteau et le petit-fils de Noël Joseph Watteau (1689-1756), frère de Jean-Antoine Watteau.C'est donc le petit-neveu du peintre des fêtes galantes. LAcadémie créera un genre spécialement pour lui : la \" f… A revived vogue for Watteau began in Europe during the Victorian era and was later encapsulated by the Goncourt brothers and the World of Art. His father was a master tiler of Flemish descent. In 1702 he left his hometown for the French capital Paris. The twist of her upper body is emphasised by the sharp turn of her head, and as she looks over her shoulder, her eyes cast down. 1720–1721, Charlottenburg Palace, Berlin. Watteau was born in October 1684 in the town of Valenciennes which had recently passed from the Spanish Netherlands to France. He found a purchaser, at the modest price of 60 livres, in a man called Sirois, the father-in-law of his later friend and patron Edme-François Gersaint, and was thus enabled to return to the home of his childhood. In 1984 Watteau societies were created in Paris and London. En 1709, Watteau remporte le second prix de Rome. [23] If his immediate followers, Lancret and Pater, would depict the unabashed frillery of aristocratic romantic pursuits, Watteau in a few masterpieces anticipates an art about art, the world of art as seen through the eyes of an artist. [13][4], After a quarrel with Gillot, Watteau moved to the workshop of Claude Audran III, an interior decorator, under whose influence he began to make drawings admired for their consummate elegance. Antoine fled his home town with dreams of fame and fortune in Paris. Jean-Antoine Watteau (UK: /ˈwɒtoʊ/, US: /wɒˈtoʊ/,[2][3] French: [ʒɑ̃ ɑ̃twan vato]; baptised October 10, 1684 – died July 18, 1721)[4] was a French painter and draughtsman whose brief career spurred the revival of interest in colour and movement, as seen in the tradition of Correggio and Rubens. [14] In 1712 he tried again and was persuaded by Charles de La Fosse that he had nothing to learn from going to Rome; thanks to Fosse he was accepted as an associate member of the Academy in 1712 and a full member in 1717. 1987. Jean-Antoine Watteau est le deuxième des quatre fils de Jean-Philippe Watteau (1660-1720), maître-couvreur, marchand de tuiles, et de Michelle Lardenois (1653-1727). The Abbé said Watteau was semi-conscious and mute during his final days, clutching a paint brush and painting imaginary paintings in the air.[21]. Il est mort le 1 janvier 1721. Son goût pour les personnages de théâtre et les fêtes galantes trouve probablement ses racines dans cet apprentissage. Par la suite, le peintre aura la possibilité détudier toute une série de toiles baroques de Rubens, qui le marquent profondément. For the fictional character, see. The elder Watteau forbid his son permission to visit the workshop of the village painter. [4], During this period Watteau painted The Departing Regiment, the first picture in his second and more personal manner, showing influence of Rubens, and the first of a long series of camp pictures. Audran was the curator of the Palais du Luxembourg, and from him Watteau acquired his knowledge of decorative art and ornamental design. [4] This helped disseminate his influence round Europe and into the decorative arts. [9] After a period spent as a scene-painter, and in poor health, he found employment in a workshop at Pont Notre-Dame, making copies of popular genre paintings in the Flemish and Dutch tradition;[b] it was in that period that he developed his characteristic sketchlike technique. Antoine Watteau (né en 1684 et mort en 1721) est un peintre français du 18ème siècle. Il est un des créateurs représentants du mouvement rocaille. Watteau's final masterpiece, the Shop-sign of Gersaint, exits the pastoral forest locale for a mundane urban set of encounters. The scene is an art gallery where the façade has magically vanished. [8] Showing an early interest in painting, Jean-Antoine may have been apprenticed to Jacques-Albert Gérin, a local painter, and his first artistic subjects were charlatans selling quack remedies on the streets of Valenciennes. Watteau is credited with inventing the genre of fêtes galantes, scenes of bucolic and idyllic charm, suffused with a theatrical air. 1712, National Galleries of Scotland, Edinburgh, The Dance, ca. In Gillot's studio Watteau became acquainted with the characters of the commedia dell'arte (its actors had been expelled from France several years before), a favorite subject of Gillot's that would become one of Watteau's lifelong passions. His father was a master tiler of Flemish descent. He did not attend formal education. 1711–1712, Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum, Madrid. Ses dessins sont assez rares mais on trouve beaucoup de scènes champêtres. [20], Watteau alarmed his friends by a carelessness about his future and financial security, as if foreseeing he would not live for long. His father, Jean-Philippe Watteau, was a roofer given to brawling. Jean-Antoine Watteau was the innovative artist who extended Rococo beyond architecture, interior design and sculpture to the canvas. Jean-Antoine Watteau Biography (1684-1721) A French rococo artist whose charming and graceful Watteau paintings show his interest in theater and ballet, Jean-Antoine Watteau is probably best known for his fetes gallants. 1717, National Gallery, London, The Robber of the Sparrow's Nest, ca. Watteau's influence on the arts (not only painting, but the decorative arts, costume, film, poetry, music) was more extensive than that of almost any other 18th-century artist. Such a comprehensive record was hitherto unparalleled. The gallery and street in the canvas are fused into one contiguous drama. The Watteau dress, a long, sacklike dress with loose pleats hanging from the shoulder at the back, similar to those worn by many of the women in his paintings, is named after him. 1719–1721, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. L'Enseigne de Gersaint, ca. The Abbé said Watteau was semi conscious and mute during his final days, clutching a paint brush and painting imaginary paintings in the air. La Surprise, painted around 1718, was known only through a copy in the collection at Buckingham Palace in London before the original was found during a valuation in 2007. He did not succeed, but he was accepted by the Académie as a painter of fêtes galantes—outdoor entertainments in which the courtiers often dressed in rural costumes—for his presentation of a scene depicting actors in a garden. His painterly language is an elegant camouflage of strong emotion by kindly sentiments and gentle manners. The oil painting shows an actor playing a guitar on a stone bench looking across at a couple locked in an amorous embrace. His drawings, typically executed in trois crayons technique, were collected and admired even by those, such as count de Caylus or Gersaint, who found fault with his paintings. [10], In 1709, Watteau tried to obtain a one-year stay in Rome by winning the Prix de Rome from the Academy, but managed only to get awarded with the second prize. Il commence son apprentissage de peintre à l’âge de dix ans chez Jacques-Albert Gérin, peintre valenciennois. 1718, Getty Center, Los Angeles, La Boudeuse, ca. [4] The quality of the reproductions, using a mixture of engraving and etching following the practice of the Rubens engravers, varied according to the skill of the people employed by Jullienne, but was often very high.